B.A. Davidson College
M.A., Ph.D. University of California-Santa Cruz
Dr. Jeremy M. Campbell is a political and environmental anthropologist whose work focuses on land conflicts, ecological change, and the state in the Brazilian Amazon. He is particularly interested in the ways people come to know their environment and how that knowledge becomes politicized in moments of broad and rapid socioeconomic changes. In Brazil, Campbell conducts ethnographic research on the forms of authority and place-making that local peoples improvise as the character of Amazonia shifts from that of an extractive frontier to a workshop for sustainability schemes.
Campbell’s book, Conjuring Property: Speculation and Environmental Futures in the Brazilian Amazon, investigates the legacies of real estate swindles pursued to “develop” the world’s largest tropical forest. As an ethnographic study, this book explores what land and property means to colonists in the region as they work to make illicit acquisition of forest territories appear legitimate to one another and to authorities. Far from a stable category, property becomes salient through the dynamic and speculative actions of those that would render it visible in the forest: landless peasants, highly capitalized ranchers, bureaucrats, and traditional communities. Interdisciplinary in its approach, Conjuring Property contributes to development studies, conservation ecology, geography, and agrarian studies. In addition to this completed research, Campbell is also pursuing the following projects:
The Politics and Environmental Effects of Informal Gold-Mining: In collaboration with Brazilian and European colleagues (and with the support of the National Geographic Society), Campbell is investigating how a low-tech gold boom characterized by migrant labor currently underway in Amazonia contrasts with the formal mining industry, backed by political elites and multinational corporations.
Valuation and Recognition in Conservation Strategy. This research investigates how social histories and ecological/economic relationships become problematized in debates over the creation and maintenance of conservation units in rural sections of the Brazilian Amazon. Among the concerns that Campbell is drawn to explore is how conservation debates provide opportunities for political organization among socially-marginalized groups—including “renascent” indigenous groups and communities descendant from runaway slaves.
Areas of Expertise:
Development and modernity in Amazonia; colonization, agrarian politics, and land conflicts; science and environmental governance; indigenous and environmental justice social movements in the Americas; state-making and infrastructure; political ecology; Marxism and post-structuralism; Brazil; Latin America.
(2015) Speculative Accumulation: Property-Making in the Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology.
(2015) The Land Question in Amazonia: Cadastral Knowledge and Ignorance in Brazil’s Tenure Regularization Program. PoLAR: The Political and Legal Anthropology Review.
(2013) Review of Instituting Nature: Authority, Expertise, and Power in Mexican Forests by Andrew S. Mathews (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2011). Political and Legal Anthropology Review (PoLAR) 36(2): 399-401.
(2012) Brazil’s Deferred Highway: Mobility, Development, and Anticipating the State in Amazonia. Boletín de Anthropología 27(44): 102-26.
(2012) Between the Material and the Figural Road: The Incompleteness of Colonial Geographies in Amazonia. Mobilities 7(4): 481-500.
(2012) Review of Storytelling Globalization from the Chaco and Beyond by Mario Blaser (Durham: Duke University Press, 2010). American Anthropologist 114(3): 547-48.
ANTH 100 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
ANTH 222 Environmental Anthropology
ANTH 230 Political Anthropology
ANTH 260 The Anthropological Lens
ANTH 351 Ethnographies of Latin America
SUST 101 Introduction to Sustainability Studies
Environmental Justice in Brazil: a summer study abroad program that runs alternately in Pará (Amazonia) and Minas Gerais, Brazil. For more information see the EJB website.
Campbell is the Secretary-Treasurer of the international scholarly association SALSA: Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America (term 2012-2016).