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Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts in Marine Biology

Marine Biology majors explore the unique challenges faced by organisms living in the marine environment and the methods by which they meet these challenges. Students begin the program by obtaining a broad understanding of oceanographic principles, and through subsequent lectures, laboratories, and field work, build on this knowledge for a more complete appreciation of the aquatic world. The department also fosters undergraduate research programs in such fields as biological oceanography, coastal and wetland studies, marine environmental physiology, and marine biotechnology and aquaculture in order to enhance the educational
experience provided to undergraduates. Upon completion of the degree, students are prepared to specialize at the graduate level in the oceanographic sciences or other environmental disciplines.
Students may also elect to undertake a SEA Semester through the SEA Education Association (SEA) of Woods Hole, Massachusetts or a semester in Bermuda at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS).

Degree Requirements
Students who declare biology and marine biology must achieve a minimum average grade of C- for BIO 103 and BIO 104 in order to advance in these majors. This minimum average grade is a prerequisite for all biology and marine biology courses at the 200-level or above. In order to be considered a candidate for a B.A. or B.S. in biology or marine biology, students must achieve a minimum grade point average of 2.00 (C) averaged over all required courses in biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics.

The Marine Biology Major

Marine Biology majors can receive either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. Marine
Biology majors must satisfy all University Core Curriculum requirements and the College speech requirement, COMM 210. A 200-level Critical Writing course is a prerequisite to advanced courses and should be completed prior to the junior year. In addition, Marine Biology majors must successfully complete the following courses and sufficient electives to total 120 credits. Majors are encouraged to apply electives toward a minor or second major. Marine Biology majors may apply a maximum of two (2) courses from the major requirements towards a minor
in Environmental Science, or a maximum of two (2) upper-level Marine Biology electives towards the elective requirements for the major in Environmental Science.
 
BIO 103 Biology I and Lab  
BIO 104 Biology II and Lab  
BIO 200 Genetics and Lab  
BIO 204 Introduction to Marine Biology  
NATSC 204 Principles of Oceanography  
CHEM 191,192 Principles of Chemistry I and II and Labs  
CHEM 301 Organic Chemistry I and Lab  
MATH 250 Biostatistics  
or
MATH 315 Probability and Statistics  

Students pursuing the Bachelor of Science degree in Marine Biology must also complete the following courses: One additional chemistry course from the following list:

CHEM 302 Organic Chemistry II and Lab  
CHEM 201 Environmental Chemistry I and Lab  
CHEM 202 Environmental Chemistry II and Lab  
CHEM 311 Analytical Chemistry and Lab  
BIO 333 Biochemistry for Life Sciences  
*Note that students who complete BIO 333 may use the course to satisfy the above requirement or they may count the course as a BIO elective, but the course may not count for both.
and
MATH 213,214 Calculus I and II and Labs  
PHYS 201, 202 Principles of Physics I and II and Labs  
Students pursuing the Bachelor of Arts in Marine Biology must also complete the following courses:
MATH 136 Precalculus  
PHYS 109,110 Physics I and II and Labs  
Students completing the Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts in Marine Biology must also complete a minimum of 21 (B.S.) or 28 (B.A.) additional credits from among the following courses. Students must take at least one course from either the Applied or the Molecular Category.

Organismal Category
Students must take at least one course marked * and at least one course marked **

BIO 220 Marine Vertebrate Zoology and Lab*  
BIO 302 Ichthyology and Lab*  
BIO 335 Invertebrate Zoology and Lab*  
BIO 350 Marine Mammalogy*  
 
BIO 255 Survey of Marine Autotrophs**  
BIO 355 Marine Phycology and Lab**  
BIO 356 Biology of Plankton and Lab**  
 
BIO 315 Animal Physiology and Lab  
BIO 320 Marine Ecology and Lab  
BIO 392, 393 Animal Nutrition/Animal Nutrition Lab  

Students must take at least one course from either the Applied or the Molecular category.

Applied Category:

AQS 260 Principles of Aquatic Animal Husbandry and Lab  
AQS 262 Aquarium System Design and Life Support and Lab  
AQS 314 Field Collection Methods (Bahamas)  
AQS 346 Principles of Hatchery Management and Lab  
BIO 310 Tropical Ecology  
BIO 312 Conservation Biology  
BIO 332 Fisheries Science  
BIO 345 Aquaculture and Lab  
NATSC 301 Marine Resource Management  
NATSC 333 Environmental Monitoring and Analysis and Lab  

Molecular Category:

BIO 340 Biotechnology and Lab  
BIO 370 Virology and Lab  
NATSC 401 Environmental Toxicology and Lab  

The SEA Semester Option

Prerequisite for majors: Satisfactory completion of the writing and mathematics requirements and the five-course
Interdisciplinary Core; a cumulative GPA of 2.5 or above; and permission from the program faculty.

Prerequisite for Core Concentration: Students who are not majoring in science or mathematics may use the SEA Semester to fulfill the Core Concentration requirement provided the following prerequisites are met before the SEA Semester: satisfactory completion of the writing, mathematics, and the five-course Interdisciplinary Core; a GPA of 2.5; and permission of the program faculty.

Students in good academic standing who meet the prerequisites may apply to attend a SEA Semester through
the Sea Education Association (SEA) of Woods Hole, Massachusetts. This exciting and challenging off-campus
program combines onshore classes, labs, and field work, in ocean sciences and maritime studies with an offshore sailing and research experience. Students attending a SEA Semester enroll in the following courses:
 
BIO 411 Applied Oceanography 3 credits
BIO 412 Nautical Science 3 credits
BIO 414 Maritime Studies 3 credits
BIO 416 Marine Technology 4 credits
BIO 418 Practical Oceanographic Research 4 credits
Marine biology majors who successfully complete a SEA semester receive eight (8) credits towards the Applied elective category.
 
This program is academically affiliated; however, certain restrictions exist for the transfer of institutional aid. Please
consult the Spiegel Center for details.

Semester Program at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS)

Prerequisite for majors: Satisfactory completion of the University Core Curriculum requirements and the five-course
Interdisciplinary Core; a cumulative GPA of 2.5 or above; and permission from the program faculty.

This semester-long course of study examines the natural processes and human interventions found in the Gulf Stream, the Sargasso Sea, and the coral archipelago, Bermuda. Students are introduced to the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance patterns of tropical marine organisms, with emphasis on the ecology of near-shore areas. Basic principles of ecology are integrated with an understanding of the sea as a habitat for life. Major groups of dominant marine organisms of the region are examined in the field. Major near-shore marine habitats are examined, along with their associated biotic communities. Coral reef ecosystems are emphasized to illustrate basic concepts. Students conduct a major research project. Fall Students enroll in the following courses:
 
BIO 361 Coral Reef Ecology 4 credits
BIO 336 Tropical Marine Invertebrate Zoology 4 credits
BIO 410 Research Diving Methods 3 credits
BIO 410 Marine Biology Research 6 credits
For marine biology majors participating in the Bermuda semester, BIO 361 replaces BIO 320 (organismal) and BIO 336 replaces BIO 335 (organismal). In addition, students receive 3 elective credits towards the Applied category.

Marine Biology Internship at the New England Aquarium (NEAq)

Prerequisites: Satisfactory completion of the writing and mathematics requirements and the five course interdisciplinary CORE; a cumulative GPA of 2.8 or above; recommendation from a RWU Faculty member; and acceptance by the program faculty at the New England Aquarium (NEAq).
 
This semester-long course of study provides a rigorous introduction to the research and educational opportunities provided by a major public aquarium. The internship will consist of an active research component in a laboratory setting under the direction of an NEAq research scientist, an animal husbandry experience with responsibilities that may include feeding animals, cleaning tanks and equipment, and providing treatment for diseased animals, and the successful completion of a dedicated course of research under the direction of an RWU biology faculty member. Students enroll in the following courses:
 
AQS 260 Principles of Animal Husbandry and Lab  
AQS 420 Research Internship at the New England Aquarium  
AQS 450 Research in Aquarium Science